How to evaluate whether it is a good interior design should be considered from two aspects, one is whether it meets the requirements of use, and the other is whether it is attractive enough. With the development of technology, interior design also uses a lot of new technologies, making full use of these new technologies can design a pleasing design environment. So what are the major elements of interior design? Let me introduce to you.
In interior decoration design, the treatment of space is the dominant factor. The artistic characteristics of interior decoration mainly depend on factors such as interior space form, space organization, space composition and space color.
Under normal circumstances, the size of the interior space is mainly determined according to the use of the room. It seems that in order to create a grand, broad or mysterious atmosphere, the size of the space often greatly exceeds the requirements of functional use. The body size of the space does not have a great impact on people’s mood. A grand and large space can easily make people feel excited and excited; a low space can make people feel kind and peaceful. Of course, an excessively low space can also make people feel depressed and dull. Therefore, by subtly changing the space and utilizing the space, unexpected effects can be obtained.
The indoor space is generally in the shape of a rectangular parallelepiped, and its shape and size will also change with the change of people, width and height. Of course, there are other shapes of interior spaces, such as triangles, prisms, and columns. Spaces of different shapes often make people feel different. For example, a dome-shaped space with a central high called a Zhou low will give people a sense of cohesion and convergence. Curved, curved or annular spaces can create a sense of orientation. That is to induce people to move along the direction of the spatial axis.
Color is used in architectural decoration design. Sakukawa has the essence of a soup. Compared with shape, color can cause more visual reflection. And it also directly affects people’s psychology and emotions. Proper use of color can improve the visual environment and enhance the artistic effect of the entire building.
Color is widely used in architectural decoration design. Whether it is interior decoration design or outdoor decoration design, color is inseparable. Color can affect people’s emotions. If the interior colors are harmoniously matched, it will feel very square, and the mood will gradually relax and feel peaceful and warm. On the contrary, it will make people feel nervous or irritable.
Colors are used to reflect a person’s personality. For example, the use of warm colors in the indoor environment can be seen as the user’s personality is cheerful, enthusiastic, cheerful or positive. If cool colors are used, the user’s personality is usually composed, calm, or silent. If neutral tones are used, the user’s personality may be moderate rather than extreme.
Color can adjust the size of the interior space. Due to the illusion effect caused by the characteristics of the color itself, it will have a good adjustment effect on the spaciousness, closure and height of the interior space. Therefore, when using color in an interior space, these characteristics can be used to adjust the sense of size of the space. If the indoor space is too large, more colors can be used. If the interior space is small, simple and uniform colors should be used.
In addition, color can also improve the physical environment. For example, in a relatively cold area, the indoor color should be dominated by warm colors, followed by colors with lower brightness and higher chroma. In warmer areas, cool colors should be used indoors, and colors with high brightness and low chroma should be used.
When formulating a color scheme for an interior space, three aspects must be considered, namely, subordinate tones, dominant colors, and accents. The background usually refers to the ceiling, the ground and the wall, etc., which acts as a foil, so it is better to use high-brightness, low-chroma colors or neutral colors; the main tone can use higher chroma, medium-brightness and more scene separation, Active color; accent refers to the use of smaller areas or more meaningful items in contrasting colors or more prominent tones.
Light and Shadow
Light and shadow are very important to human visual function. Without light, nothing can be seen, and without light, there will be no artistic beauty and light and shadow effects. As far as architectural decoration is concerned, light and shadow are also essential material conditions for beautifying the environment.
Light can make up a space and can play a role in changing, beautifying and destroying spaces. It directly affects the visual size, shape, texture, color and even the artistic effect of the environment.
From the perspective of lighting, light sources can be divided into two types: natural light sources and artificial light sources. The natural light source is mainly sunlight, and the artificial light source is mainly light. Light is an important part of nature, and people often bring it directly into the room to meet normal needs and eliminate the sense of darkness and closure in the interior space; artificial lighting is an indispensable part of architectural decoration. To meet the normal needs, in addition to eliminating the sense of darkness and space in the interior space, it can also produce special light and shadow artistic beauty and light and shadow effects. Therefore, it is very important to make good use of artificial light sources to add luster to the interior decoration design.
The indoor and outdoor space effects of architectural decoration design must be illuminated by light in order to express the rich changes in its volume, texture and color. People can create different atmospheres indoors and outdoors by using the intensity of light or the difference in color. Bright light can make the whole building space more active and meet the needs of people’s public communication. The dim light can make the environment more soft and meet people’s needs when talking and resting.
The interior space in a building is defined by building structural components and enclosure components such as pillars, walls, floors, ceilings, etc. These elements give form to the building and divide the infinite space into blocks, establishing a pattern of interior space.
The ground is the base of the interior space. .It is a platform for indoor activities and furniture. Floors must be constructed to be safe and sound to withstand indoor loads; floors must be durable enough to withstand constant use and wear.
The wall must be clothed according to certain requirements. Load-bearing walls should be consistent with the floor span and roof structure they support. Non-Chengge partition walls are mainly arranged according to the requirements of use. Walls are usually constructed of several layers of material to control the penetration of heat history, moisture and noise.
The third main interface of the interior space is the ceiling. Although it is not accessible and is not as large as the floor and wall in the sense of use, it is a covering part that can provide physical and psychological protection to the covered object.
The decoration of various indoor space interfaces can jointly constitute a perfect indoor environment, and the different texture characteristics of different decorative materials can be used to obtain colorful indoor space artistic effects.
Furniture design plays an important role in interior decoration design. On the one hand, furniture has practical functions, which can bring convenience to people’s lives, and at the same time, the arrangement of furniture also organizes the indoor functional space. On the other hand, furniture occupies a considerable area in the living room and plays a major role in interior furnishings. Its shape, color and style are the dominant factors affecting the atmosphere of interior decoration design.
In addition to furniture, interior furnishings include daily necessities, handicrafts, art works, interior fabrics, household appliances, lamps, etc. In addition to their practical functions, they can enrich and decorate a space, make the space comfortable and decent, full of personality, and can create a certain atmosphere and mood.
It is often divided into three categories: practical furnishings, decorative furnishings and furnishings that are both practical and decorative. Practical furnishings, mainly have a functional role. Decorative furnishings, mainly to meet people’s visual requirements. Furnishings that are both practical and decorative, not only enrich the space, give people artistic enjoyment, but also have a certain function. In the interior decoration design, attention should be paid to the relationship between the furnishings and the wall, ground and ceiling, and give full play to the beauty of its shape, texture and color.
Introducing natural scenery, flowers, trees and even landscapes into the interior, making the interior and exterior an organic whole, is generally welcomed by people. Proper selection of indoor greening can increase the atmosphere, enrich the color, be pleasing to the eye, and cultivate people’s sentiments in the indoor environment.
The above are the seven major elements of interior decoration design. These seven major elements are the basic elements of interior design. Without one of them, it is impossible to design a good interior environment. If you want to make a good interior decoration design, you can’t be sloppy. Using the above knowledge will help your decoration.